1670 Map of Spanish Land in America

Spanish Map of the Midwestern U.S. - 1670
Arredondo's Map of Spanish Land in North America - 1670
Filed in the Library of Congress - 1924

In the sixteenth century, Spain considered Florida as a geographic entity which extended north to the Chesapeake Bay and west beyond the Mississippi River which is reflected in Arredondo's map (above and below)... NOTE that DeSoto's Trail (red lines on the maps) crossed a giant river JUST BEFORE he crossed the Mississippi River. He crossed the Ohio River FIRST, and then proceeded NORTH toward the Great Sea at Chicago and back, before he discovered the Mississippi River.

Arredondo's Map of Spanish Land in North America

Arredondo's Map of Spanish Land Claims in North America
Based on Hernando de Soto's Extensive Exploration of Same!

Arredondo's map acknowledges locations of French, Spanish, and English possessions in the region as well as those which the Spanish considered illegal possessions, most particularly that in the region of Georgia. Map includes coastline, coastal features, navigational hazards, European and Native American settlements, and pictorial representation of mountain ranges. Map provides an extensive keyed legend and historical notes. A colored line in the map indicates the route of Hernando De Soto's sixteenth century entrada into the Southeastern part of the United States, which extends beyond the Mississippi River. Map, which was prepared to contest British expansion into the region, contains lengthy notes on the sequence of Spanish discoveries and settlements. A portion of the title of the map reading "de la Jurisdicion que indevidamente an Ocupado [the British] despues de dho Tratado [of 1670], en que se Manifiestan las tierras que Usurpan..." makes clear that Arredondo considered the British presence in Georgia illegal. This meticulously rendered copy of the 1742 map by Arredondo in the Archivo General de Indias, Seville, Spain, was prepared by José Luis Gomez in 1914 for the Library of Congress. That map is described in item 140 in Torres Lanzas' México y Floridas. The Library of Congress also possesses one of the original eighteenth century versions of this map under the same title and under call number H. P. Kraus Collection of Hispanic American Manuscripts, 156, Manuscript Division.
Arredondo, Antonio de.CREATED/PUBLISHED
Relief shown pictorially. 
Pen-and-ink and watercolor. 
"Es copia conforme con el original existente en este Archivo General de Indias.
Est 86-C[?] 5-L[?] 24. Sevilla y mayo 16 de
LC Luso-Hispanic World, 831 SUBJECTS
Southern States--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800--Facsimiles.
United States--Southern States.RELATED NAMES
Gómes, José Luis.MEDIUM
1 map : ms., col. ; 39 x 37 cm.CALL NUMBER
G3860 1742 .A7 1914 VaultCONTROL NUMBER
Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 DIGITAL ID
g3860 np000145 urn:hdl:loc.gmd/g3860.np000145 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3860.np000145 

Midwestern Conquest Trails